Bone Density Examination and Advanced Body Composition
Dual- Energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is a tool used for measuring bone density. DEXA calculates Bone Mineral Density (BMD), a measurement used to eliminate bone strength and the likelihood of breakage and/or fracture.
What are some common uses of this exam?
- Aiding physicians in the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis.
- Assessing an individual’s risk for developing fractures. Emphasis is placed on the spine and hips, which are weight-bearing areas that are more susceptible to fractures.
- What should I expect during this exam?
- You will not have to change into a gown for this test if you wear loose, comfortable clothing without zippers or metal buttons.
- You will be asked to lie on a padded table and hold very still for approximately five minutes.
Selma Carlson technologists are experienced in high quality patient care. Communication with your technologist is vital in ensuring your comfort, as well as the attainment of quality diagnostic images.
Bone Densitometry is an essential tool in Osteoporosis management
Osteoporosis is a silent, progressive disease characterized by decreased bone density and increased bone fragility, with a consequent susceptibility to fracture. In the United States, over 28 million people are at high risk of developing osteoporosis. Up to 1.5 million fractures a year are attributable to osteoporosis. Health care expenditures related to osteoporosis are over $14 billion per year.
Women are at the greatest risk. One third of Caucasian women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis, yet nearly 80% remain undiagnosed. After menopause, a woman’s risk of suffering an osteoporotic spine or femur fracture is 30% or three times that of a man’s.
Osteoporosis is a complex, multi-factorial disease that may progress silently for decades – there may be no symptoms until fractures occur. Bone loss is the major risk factor that can be modified in mid-life to reduce fracture risk. Bone loss can be reduced by treatment, but it is difficult to restore the microarchitecture of the skeleton once bone has been lost. Early detection and intervention are crucial.
While osteoporosis can affect anyone, it occurs most commonly in Caucasian and Asian females.
What are the risk factors for Osteoporosis?
- Low body weight
- Estrogen deficiency- early menopause or surgical removal of both ovaries
- Prolonged menopause
- Absence of a period for more than one year
- Low calcium intake
- Recurrent fall
- Low physical activity
- Poor health/ frailty
Advanced Body Composition
Advanced Body Composition is a quick, accurate and precise low dose X-ray exam of muscle and fat. This analysis can help your doctor assess what level of exercise or intervention is needed.
It is a whole body, bone and body composition measurement and analysis system. The diagnostic provides detailed and accurate measurement data to help you better achieve your health and fitness goals. The process evaluates whole body measures of %Fat, Fat Mass/Height, Lean Mass/Height, Appendicular Lean Mass/Height, Bone Mineral Content (BMC), Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and other direct and derivative measures to gender, ethnicity, and age-specific controls.
Comparing changes since previous scans can help your doctor assess if your level of exercise is beneficial. In addition to reporting your specific measurements, the analysis also provides a baseline defining healthful levels of body fat and muscle mass. This accurate comparison is derived from NHANES body composition reference data measured from more than 20,000 U.S. residents.
This advanced technology has been shown to provide more detailed and accurate measurement on body composition than the previous clinical standard, body mass index (BMI).